Wednesday, July 19, 2017

Oh, patents! The corset-bra (1898)

Copyright © Françoise Herrmann

A corset-bra?...  No wonder women burned their bras in the 1960s!

Actually, the corset-bra was originally a French invention, called the corselet-gorge, which eventually led to the commonly used term soutien-gorge.

The corselet-gorge was quite a versatile invention in 1898! First, it could be worn with or without a corset. Without a corset, the two front sections of the corselet-gorge attached to a back laced portion with elastic side pieces. With a corset, the corselet-gorge attached to the corset, functioning in both cases as a breast "improver", since the front sections of the corselet-gorge (termed gussets) included bent whalebone stiffeners mounted on silk or thule, thus providing augmented breast forms!

Herminie Sardon (widow Cadolle), filed several patents in connection with her invention, and exhibited her corselet-gorge at the 1898 Exposition Universelle in Paris, an event that had prompted construction of the Eiffel Tower. 

A list of the Herminie Sardon (widow Cadolle) patents follows with two patent figure drawings, extracted from the British version of the corselet-gorge patent showing the front and the back corselet gorge:

  • FR279823 - 1898-07-16 - Corselet-gorge [Listing only - Bulletin des Lois de la RF]
  • GB189816955 (A) ― 1899-07-15 - Improvements in or relating to Corsets
  • FR326297 – 1902-05-21 -   Corset perfectionné dit “modern style”
  • FR443731C 1902 -10-01 - Corselet-guimpe


The original lingerie store in Paris, Cadolle, founded by Herminie Cadolle, the inventor of the corselet-gorge still exists 24 rue Chaussée d’Antin (Paris 9). Several additional Cadolle lingerie boutiques also exist around the world, where six generations of Cadolle daughters and daughters-in-law have managed the business of luxury custom lingerie!


References
Bulletin des lois de la République Française - Brevet 279823 - 16 juillet 1898 - Corselet-gorge - Cadolle (Mme veuve) née Herminie Sardon. 
http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k215037p.image.r=sardon.f993.hl
Cadolle
Sanley, A. (1995) Mothers and daughters of invention: Notes for a revised history of technology. Rutgers University Press

Sunday, July 16, 2017

Oh, patents! Thirdlove

Copyright © Françoise Herrmann

Thirdlove Shades of Nude
Viral online bra sales…. What’s with MIT and target objects?!

Plenty, in terms of comfort and vibrant style, re-invented technologies, participatory design, high-tech Moms and savvy young female entrepreneurs, who happened to have transited through the MIT MBA program!

Thirdlove is all about a virtual bra-shopping experience! Getting the all time best-fitted bra, without searching, or even trying one on! As a result, the company is the first to offer half sizes and 30% more cup options, in a bid to accommodate all women, rather than just those larger, or smaller than a single standard.

To achieve the hitherto deemed impossible task of a virtual bra fitting, the company developed a body-imaging and sizing app. This invention is recited in the US patent Application US20140270540A1 titled Determining dimension of target object in an image using reference object.

Virtual fitting requires the user stand in front of a mirror and position certain virtual scanning guides relative to the target objects at a specified distance. The app then calculates several measurements including both the front, and side, overbust and underbust, relative to an apex and the distance between the two. The app also adjusts and estimates contours.

In terms of privacy, Thridlove only uses the calculated measurements for delivering a perfectly fitted bra. The data might be aggregated for various research purposes, in which case client IDs would be deleted. However, the scans used for measurements are performed natively, on each user’s mobile device, and are never forwarded to the company. 

The included abstract of this invention is short and sweet. Figure 17 of 41 figure drawings in the patent application shows one of the interfaces of the app for determining the size of targeted objects. Figure 18 shows the measurements taken. 
Systems and methods for determining one or more dimensions of an object using a digital image are described [Abstract US20140270540A1]
Interestingly, the scope of this invention fully extends to the customization of clothing for both men and women, since the imaging invention may ultimately be used to size varying targets or body parts. 

To date, however, the bottom line is $68 for a customized virtual bra fitting without leaving the comforts of your own home, a patented bra that is so comfortable you will forget you are wearing one, and a 30-day trial period for a 100% perfect fit, guaranteed!

References
Welch, L. (Nov 2016) How an MIT Grad Made a $68 Bra So Perfect, You'll Forget You're Wearing It. Inc.com Magazine https://tinyurl.com/y9q756cu
Thridlove

Monday, July 10, 2017

EPO Inventor Awards - The 2017 Trophy

Copyright © Françoise Herrmann

On May 11, 2017, the post at Patents on the soles of your shoes covered Murano glass and its intimate connection to the origins of patents, some 600 years ago, in the Republic Venice. This was hardly coincidental, considering that the European Inventors’ Award ceremony would be taking place the following month in Venice, Italy, and that the finalists had just been announced.

The post ended with an educated guess regarding the 2017 trophies that would be awarded to the 6 inventors (or teams of inventors). 

The design of the  EPO Inventor Award trophy represents a sail (with and without a pun), It was created by Miriam Irle, a German industrial designer. However, what also makes the design so striking and uncommon is that each year the sail trophies are crafted from a different material or process, of significance to the country hosting the awards ceremony. For example, last year, in Lisbon, Portugal, Miriam Irle selected the famous Portuguese azulejo ceramic tile for casting and production of the trophy. (Herrmann, June 10, 2016). Likewise in 2015, in Paris, France, the trophy was cast in bronze, using a 3D printing process. (Herrmann, June 13, 2015)

So, my guess for the European Inventor's Award trophy, this year in Venice, was the following:
In regards the 2017 EPO Inventor Awards…my conjecture is that the 2017 trophy will be made of Murano glass. […] Of course, I might be zapped… and completely wrong. [Herrmann, May 11, 2017]
The good news is that there was no blood shed for the guesswork…Indeed, according to the following, recently released EPO video, the 2017 European Inventor Award trophies were made of Murano glass, as predicted, on the Island of Murano, just a few nautical miles from the ancient city Venice.

References
Herrmann F. (May 11, 2017) Oh, patents! Murano glass
Miriam Irle

Saturday, July 8, 2017

Oh, patents! Traditional African medicine (1)

 Copyright @ Françoise Herrmann

In countries where trained physician density, measured as the ratio of 1 physician to 1000 [WHO(1), WHO(2)World Bank], is to the order of 1:20,000 compared to the ratio of 1:200-400 for traditional healthcare practitioners, it makes sense, according to Professor Dbodossou, founder of PRO.ME.TRA,  to consider, rather than to outlaw, the parallel indigenous healthcare system. Especially, when a given population favors, respects and trusts the healers, or when their practices are effective. Indeed, it makes sense to actively explore and research the vast depository of traditional indigenous knowledge and practices, in view of embracing all of the possibilities for healthcare services. According to the World Health Organization, the minimum standard of care is 23 doctors, nurses and midwives for a population of 10,000 [WHO (3)]

The non-profit organization PRO.ME.TRA International precisely seeks to recognize and promote indigenous practices and knowledge, in an effort to build bridges between both Western and traditional healthcare systems. PRO.ME.TRA International headquarters are located in Dakar, Senegal, on the West Coast of Africa. The organization was founded in 1971, with a mission to promote traditional African medical practices. Thus, PRO.ME.TRA conducts research, hosts conferences, maintains chapters in 28 countries, and is an officially recognized partner of Senegal’s public health institutions. PRO.ME.TRA also circulates various publications, including a bilingual (French and English) newsletter called Médecine Verte. Members of the organization’s International Board of Directors are all trained medical doctors.

The organization’s research agenda focuses on the use of indigenous knowledge and practices for the treatment of such diseases as AIDS, ebola, cancer, diabetes, viral hepatitis and various sorts of skin diseases. Several of the researched herbal therapies are already patented. 

The following non-exhaustive and hyperlinked list of patents includes WIPO, EPO and US patent families for each of several herbal therapies, including a list of 11 OA patents granted by the OAPI, the  intellectual property organization for French-speaking African countries

WIPO, EPO and US patents  
  • WO2016181214 (A1) ― 2016-11-17 - Compositions and methods for the treatment of ebola virus disease
  • US2012009289 (A1) ― 2012-01-12 - Water-soluble antiviral product containing cyperus articulatus, for the treatment and prevention of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids) and the variants thereof
  • WO2010112967 (A1) ― 2010-10-07 - Water-soluble antiviral product containing cyperus articulatus, for the treatment and prevention of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids) and the variants thereof 
  • EP2437765 (A1) ― 2012-04-11 - Water-soluble antiviral product containing cyperus articulatus, for the treatment and prevention of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids) and the variants thereof
  • US2012009286 (A1) ― 2012-01-12 - Water-soluble antiviral product containing momordica balsamina, for the treatment and prevention of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids) and the variants thereof
  • EP2437761 (A1) ― 2012-04-11 - Water-soluble antiviral product containing momordica balsamina, for the treatment and prevention of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids) and the variants thereof
  • WO2010112968 (A1) ― 2010-10-07 - Water-soluble antiviral product containing momordica balsamina, for the treatment and prevention of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids) and the variants thereof 
    Aframomum melegueta
  • EP2437766 (A1) ― 2012-04-11 - Water-soluble antiviral product containing aframomum melegueta, for the treatment and prevention of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids)
  • US2012052140 (A1) ― 2012-03-01 - Water-soluble antiviral product containing aframomum melegueta, for the treatment and prevention of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids)
  • WO2010112966 (A1) ― 2010-10-07 - Water-soluble antiviral product containing aframomum melegueta, for the treatment and prevention of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids) 
  • WO02062364 (A1) ― 2002-08-15 -Antiviral composition made from medicinal plants for combating hiv/aids
  • EP1357924 (A1) ― 2003-11-05 - Antiviral composition made from medicinal plants for combating hiv/aids
  • WO02094299 (A1) ― 2002-11-28 - Medicinal plant extracts used in the treatment of diabetic diseases
OAPI patents
Acacia senegalensis
  • OA12548 (A) ― 2006-06-05 - Nouveau produit pharmaceutique à partir d'écorce d'Acacia Seyal et son utilisation pour le traitement des hémorroides
  • OA12547 (A) ― 2006-06-05 - Nouveau produit pharmaceutique à partir d'écorce de Euphorbia balsamifera et son utilisation pour le traitement des hémorroides
  • OA12546 (A) ― 2006-06-05 - Nouveau produit pharmaceutique à partir d'écorce de Guiera senegalensis et son utilisation pour le traitement de hémorroides.
  • OA12545 (A) ― 2006-06-05 - Nouveau produit pharmaceutique à partir d'écorce de Leptadenia hastata et son utilisation pour le traitement des hémorroides
  • OA12439 (A) ― 2006-05-22 - Nouveau produit pharmaceutique obtenu à partir d'écorce de l'Acacia senegalensis et son utilisation dans le traitement des dermatoses
  • OA12438 (A) ― 2006-05-22 - Nouveau produit pharmaceutique obtenu à partir d'écorce de Lannea acida et son utilisation dans le traitement des dermatoses
  • OA11763 (A) ― 2005-07-19 - Produit pharmaceutique obtenu à partir de Prosopisafricana et son utilisation dans le traitement des maladies diabétiques
  • OA11762 (A) ― 2005-07-19 - Produit pharmaceutique obtenu à partir de Sclerocarya birrea et son utilisation dans le traitement des maladies diabétiques 
  • OA11761 (A) ― 2005-07-19 - Produit pharmaceutique obtenu à partir de Moringa oleifera et son utilisation dans le traitement des maladies diabétiques  
  • OA11720 (A) ― 2005-01-26 - Produit pharmaceutique obtenu à partir de l'Anacardium occidentale et son utilisation dans le traitement des maladies diabétiques
  • OA11602 (A) ― 2004-07-30 - Nouvelles compositions antivirales à usage thérapeutique pour le traitement de la maladie du syndrome d'immuno déficience acquise (SIDA) et ses variante

References
OAPI – Organisation Africaine de la Propriété Intellectuelle
PRO.ME.TRA
PRO.ME.TRA – Médecine verte
PRO.ME.TRA - Publications
WHO (1) – Density of physicians (per 1000 population latest available year)
WHO (2)- Density of doctors, nurse and midwives in 49 priority countries
WHO (3) - Achieving the health-related MDGs. It takes a workforce!
World Bank = Physicians per 1000

Thursday, July 6, 2017

Oh, patents! Velib’ and JC Decaux (3)

Copyright © Françoise Herrmann


Velib’ is a public bike sharing program of the city of Paris.  The term Velib’ is a French acronym referring to two French words vélo + liberté derived from the concept of “vélo en libre service”, which means self-service bike rental. The term velib' is used to refer both to the program and the “bike”.

To use the velib’ bike sharing program, users just check out a bike at any Velib’ hub in the city of Paris. and increasingly in the Paris metropolitan area. To return the bike, users just dock it at any of the Paris or metropolitan hubs. Users pay-as-they-go or buy a yearly subscription.

The Vélib' program was launched in 20O7 by the city of Paris, and management of the program was awarded to JC Decaux through to 2018, since JC Decaux recently lost the contract to the Smoovengo Consortium, operating in several other cities in France and abroad.

The original technology for managing a fleet of bikes using a docking system, and its more recent embodiments, including the electric components of the bike to enable users to cover greater distances, the system’s connectivity, security against vandalism, and the automation of the docking and management system, were invented and patented by JC Decaux.

The following non-exhaustive and illustrative list of JC Decaux patents tracks the original technology for managing a fleet of bikes with a docking system, patented in 2002, through to the more recent inventions related to the shift to electric bikes, patented in 2017.

The list includes such major inventions as the on-board maintenance CPU designed to detect malfunctions of the bike (FR2865994), the docking system features that enable users to park their bikes at a hub for a short period of time, without returning the bike (FR2897589), mobile phone assisted rental of the bike (FR2988506), improvements for user-friendly adjustment of the bike saddle (EP2927517), the Bluetooth®-enabled communication between the bike battery and a user's mobile phone enabling the user to monitor the bike's electric charge, including a device for attaching the user's phone on the bike's handlebar (EP2979967), the temporary docking stations that can be hauled, with bikes, for special events and at special locations (EP2366610), plus much more!  

Indeed, a list of JC Decaux patents reciting both the old and the new velib' technology, that JC Decaux must have franchised or licensed, and that velib' users, in Paris, will be discovering, beginning Jan 1st 2018, when they start using the new Smoovengo bikes and hubs! 

Bluetooth®-enabled bike
EP2979967
  • FR3039496 - 2017-02-03 - Cycle à motorisation électrique
  • FR3031494 - 2016-07-15 - Cycle à motorisation électrique et système automatique de stockage de tels cycles
  • EP3012182 - 2016-04-27 -   Cycle à motorisation électrique et système automatique de stockage de tels cycles
  • EP2979967 - 2016-02-03 - Vélo à assistance électrique
  • EP2927517 - 2015-10-07 - Cycle comportant un dispositif de réglage rapide de selle et dispositif de réglage de selle pour un tel cycle
  • EP2883785 - 2015-16-17 - Vélo a assistance électrique
  • FR3003537 - 2014-09-26 - Cycle à assistance électrique et système automatique de stockage de cycles comprenant de tels cycles
  • EP2781446 - 2014-09-24 -  Système automatique de stockage de cycles et batterie pour un tel système
  • EP2781440 -  2014-09-24 - Système automatique de stockage de cycles et batterie pour un tel système
  • EP2781397 - 2014-09-24 -  Système automatique de stockage de cycles et batterie pour un tel système
  • FR2991658 – 2013-12-13 -  Système automatique de stockage de cycles et cycle pour un tel système
  • FR2988506 - 2013-09-27 – Procédé et système automatiques de mise à disposition de cycles
  • FR2988068 - 2013-09-20-  Système automatique de stockage de cycles, cycle pour un tel système et utilisation d'une batterie pour un tel cycle
  • EP2639143 - 2013-09-18 -  Système automatique de stockage de cycles et poste de verrouillage de cycle pour un tel système
  • FR2978415 -2013-02-01 - Système automatique de stockage de cycles et ensemble pour un tel système
  • FR2978414 - 2013-02-01 - Système automatique de stockage de cycles et cycle pour un tel système
  • WO2012090120 - 2013-02-01- Système de location de vélos
  • FR2962401 - 2013-01-13 - Ensemble d'assise pour bicyclette et bicyclette ayant un tel ensemble d'assise
  • EP2366610 - 2011-09-21 - Station de stockage de cycles
  • EP2338779 - 2011-06-29 - Système automatique de stockage de cycles, cycle pour un tel système et structure d'accueil pour un tel cycle
  • EP2039598 – 2009-03-25- Procédé et système de stockage de cycles
  • WO2008034985 - 2009-03-25 - Procédé et système automatique de stockage de cycles
  • EP1902934 - 2008-03-26 - Système de stockage automatique de cycles, cycle pour un tel système et poste de verrouillage pour un tel système
  • EP1883054 -2008-01-30 -  Bicyclette, procédé de gestion d'une flotte de bicyclettes et système de gestion d'une telle flotte
  • FR2900631 - 2007-11-09 - Bicyclette dotée d'une suspension de roue arrière
  • EP1820722 - 2007-08-22 - Système automatique de stockage de cycles
  • EP1820721 - 2007-08-22 - Système automatique de stockage de cycles, cycle pour un tel système et dispositif de verrouillage pour un tel cycle
  • FR2888558 - 2007-01-19 - Véhicule agence pour le transport de cycles
  • WO2006120328 - 2006-11-16 - Système automatique de stockage de cycles
  • EP1659531 – 2006 - 05-24 - Procédé et système de gestion d'une flotte de véhicules, et véhicule associé
  • EP1655214 – 2006 - 05-10 - Dispositif antivol à câble pour un cycle et cycle equipé d'un tel dispositif
  • WO2006024738 - 2006 - 03-09 - Bicyclette equipée d'un dispositif antivol
  • WO2006021650 - 2006 - 03-02 - Système automatique de stockage de cycles
  • FR2866602 – 2005-08-26 - Dispositif anti-vandalisme, valve pour un tel dispositif et cycle comportant une telle valve
  • WO2005077740 - 2005-08-25 - Bicyclette munie d'un système de contrôle embarqué et système automatique de location comprenant de telles bicyclettes
  • FR2865994 (A1) ― 2005-08-12 – Bicyclette equippée d’un système de contrôle embarqué
  • WO2005068280 - 2005-07-28 -  Système automatique de stockage de cycles
  • FR2864015 – 2005-08-24 -  Bicyclette comportant un dispositif antivol de roue
  • EP1544091 - 2005-06-22 - Bicyclette munie d'un dispositif de blocage de roue
  • WO2005055161 – 2005-06-16 – Procédé et système de location automatique de bicyclettes
  • WO2005001781 – 2005-01-06- Système automatique de stockage de cycles
  • FR2824942 (A1) ― 2002-11-22 - Bicycle fleet management system records user badge data in bicycle memory 
  • WO02095698 (A1) ― 2002-11-28 - System for managing a fleet of bicycles, bicycles and storage equipment for such a device
  • FR2825967 (A1) ― 2002-12-20 – Dispositif de parking pour byciclette

References
ziat, E. (05-11-2005) Ce que l’on sait du nouveau vélib'
Bontinck, J. G. (02-07-2017 Le nouveau velib sera léger et en partie électrique (fiable, moins lourd et connecté). Le Parisien
Velib’ – site official
Velib’ – How it works
Wikipedia – Vélib’ (fr)

Tuesday, July 4, 2017

Oh, patents! JC Decaux (2)

Copyright © Françoise Herrmann

A search for JC Decaux patents at l’INPI, the USPTO, WIPO and the EPO returns a few hundred patents. The following is a non-exhaustive, and illustrative, hyperlinked list.
  • FR2897589 ― 2007-08-24 - Système automatique de stockage de cycles
  • FR2897588 ― 2007-08-24 - Système automatique de stockage de cycles, cycle pour un tel système et dispositif de verrouillage pour un tel cycle
  • FR2865994 ― 2005-08-12 - Bicyclette equipée d'un système de controle embarqué
  • FR2838227 ― 2003-10-10 - Mobilier urbain de sécurité routière pour l'affichage d'une information variable destinée aux usagers de la route et procédé d'affichage d'un message de sécurité routière à l'aide d'un mobilier urbain
  • FR2838226 ― 2003-10-10 - Mobilier urbain de sécurité routière comportant au moins un moyen de signalisation d'un risque et procède de signalisation d'un risque à l'aide d'un mobilier (rejeté)
  • FR2838224 ― 2003 -10-10 - Mobilier urbain de sécurité routière comportant au moins un moyen de signalisation d'un risque et procédé de signalisation d'un risque à l'aide d'un mobilier
  • FR2829271 ― 2003-03-07 - Système de télésurveillance pour dispositif d'affichage lumineux
  • FR2827107 ― 2003-01-10 - Procédé et dispositif de diffusion d'information publicitaire
  • FR2826993 ― 2003-01-10 - Dispositif reproduisant le flottement d'un drapeau
  • FR2825967 ― 2002-12-20 - Dispositif de parking pour bicyclette
  • FR2824942 ― 2002-11-22 - Système de gestion d'une flotte de bicyclettes, bicyclette et équipements de stockage pour un tel dispositif
  • FR2821199 ― 2002-08-23 - Système d'information du public
    Anyone remember public phone booths?
    Figure 1 - FR2614640
      
  • FR2819338 ― 2002-07-12 - Dispositif interactif pour lieu public
  • FR2816437 ―  2002-05-10 - Panneau d'affichage rétro-éclairé
  • FR2761189 ― 1998-09-25 - Panneau d'affichage de messages à matrices de points
  • FR2731828 (A1) ― 1996-09-20 - Cellule élémentaire d'affichage à pastille pivotante pour panneau d'affichage a matrices de points 
  • FR2731827 (A1) ― 1996-09-20 -  Dispositif de fixation de supports d'informations sur abris de cars ou d'autobus
  • FR2730840 (A1) ― 1996-08-23 - Distributeur automatique d'objets, en particulier de journaux
  • FR2727781 (A1) ― 1996-06-07- Système de détection d'un véhicule sur une chaussée multivoie, avec discrimination de voie, et son application a la détection sélective d'un véhicule hors gabarit
  • FR2710671 (A1) ― 1995-04-07 - Installation de distribution d'eau au sol, de nettoyage ou de sécurité incendie
  • FR2705158 (A1) ― 1994-11-18 - Unité mobile pour l'affichage sur site d'informations
  • FR2696034 (A1) ― 1994-03-25 - Procédé et appareillage de visualisation sélective d'un message inscrit sur une bande support de messages
  • FR2662781 ― 1991-12-06 - Appareil d'éclairage et installation d'éclairage de la voie publique comportant plusieurs appareils d'éclairage
  • FR2659161 (A1) ― 1991-09-06 - Dispositif d'enroulement d'une bande sur un rouleau à partir d'un autre rouleau
  • FR2629853 (A1) ― 1989-10-13 - Kiosque à journaux
  • FR2627106 (A1) ― 1989-08-18 - Récupérateur et concasseurs de bouteilles de verre
  • FR2614640 (A1) ― 1988-11-04 - Cabine téléphonique à fermeture automatique
  • FR2603628 (A1) ― 1988-03-11 - Mat de signalisation à caissons indicateurs axiaux
  • FR2596557 (A1) ― 1987-10-02 - Procédé et dispositif de fixation, d’exposition et des suspension d’une feuille telle qu’une affiche publicitaire ou informative 
  • FR2590059 (A1) ― 1987-05-15 - Enseigne rigide du type drapeau
  • FR2578803 (A1) ― 1986-09-19 - Parc à bicyclettes modulaire formant un abri antivol d’encombrement réduit
  • FR2578888 (A1) ― 1986-09-19 - Dispositif antivol à verrou, notamment pour parc à véhicule à deux roues.
  • FR2576291 (A1) ― 1986-07-25 - Corbeille à papier à verrouillage automatique
  • FR2167410 (A5) ― 1973-08-24 - Panneau d’affichage urbain
  • ES2072843 ― 1995-08-01 - Instalación de distribución de agua al suelo, de limpieza o de seguridad de incendios
  • ES2070452 ― 1995-06-01 - Aparato de alumbrado e instalación de alumbrado de la vía publica que comprende varios aparatos de alumbrado
  • ES279666 (U) ― 1985-01-01 - Marquesina
  • CA2472894 (A1) ― 2005-01-04 - Sanitaire public équipé d’un dispositif de lavage au sol
  • CA2472888 (A1) ― 2005-01-04 - Sanitaire équipé d’une urinoir éparé
  • CA2204101 (A1) ― 1997-11-03 - Boitier portatif pour informer les usagers d’un réseau d’autobus sur les temps d’attente aux arrêt de ce réseau
  • CA2133043 ― 1995-03-30 - Water ground distribution facility, also for cleaning or fire fighting
  • DE645499 ― 1995-11-09 - Bodenwasserversorgungsanlage zum Reinigen oder zur Feuerlöschung
  • DE69106052 – 1995-05-11 - Leuchte und Beleuchtungsanlage von Strassen
  • DK0459847 – 1995-03-13 - Belysningsapparat og belysningsinstallation til offentlig vej, omfattende flere belysningsapparater
  • EP1603081 (A1) ― 2005-12-07 - Procédé et système de gestion d’une flotte de véhicule
  • EP0805427 ― 1997-11-05 - Boîtier portatif pour informer les usagers d'un réseau d'autobus sur les temps d'attente aux arrêts de ce réseau
  • EP0645499 ― 1995-03-29 - Installation de distribution d'eau au sol, de nettoyage ou de sécurité incendie
  • EP0459847 ― 1991-12-04 - Appareil d'éclairage et installation d'éclairage de la voie publique
  • EP0261022 ― 1988-03-23 - Mât de signalisation à caissons indicateurs axiaux
  • USD579053 ― 2008-29-29 - Advertizing display unit 
  • US2007270099 (A1) ― 2007-11-22 - Method and System for Transmitting Selective Local Information
  • US2007239465 (A1) ― 2007-10-11 - Method and system for automatically renting bicycles
  • USD507813 (S) ― 2005-07-26 - Electronic interactive apparatus 
  • USD352361 – 1994-11-08 - Toilet
  • US5171088 (A) ― 1992-12-15 - Lighting equipment
  • WO9629690 ― 1996-09-26 - Cellule élémentaire d'affichage à pastille pivotante pour panneau d'affichage à matrices de points
 References
JCDecaux Group
http://www.jcdecaux.com/
EPO - European Patent Office
www.epo.org
INPI - Institut National de la Propriété Industrielle
www.inpi.fr
USPTO - United States Patent and Trademark Office
www.uspto.org
WIPO - World Intellectual Property Office
www.wipo.org