Saturday, September 23, 2023

International Day of Sign Languages 2023

 Copyright © Françoise Herrmann

September 23 is International Day of Sign Languagesaccording to the United Nations calendar of commemorations and mobilization.

In fact, the UN General Assembly declared September 23 as the International Day of Sign Languages  in recognition of:

-  the crucial roles that sign languages play in “leaving no one behind”, per the UN Sustainable Development Goal No. 10; 

- the provisions of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, adopted by the UN General Assembly Dec. 13, 2006, 

- the Deaf Communities’ principle of “nothing about us without us”, and

- the fact that sign languages are “fully fledged natural languages, structurally distinct from spoken languages, alongside which they coexist 

 and more. [UN Res. 61/73],


Below, a message focused on  leaving no one behind”, on the occasion of the International Day of Sign Languages from Nyle DiMarco, Disability Advocate, famous Deaf model, dancer and educator.

UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
UN Sustainable Development Goals ((SDG)
UN Resolution 72/161 International Day of Sign Languages - Resolution Adopted by the General Assembly on December 19th 2017.  
World Federation of the Deaf

Saturday, September 9, 2023

Oh, patents! Carolina Herrera Good Girl stiletto perfume bottle

 Copyright © Françoise Herrmann

In the fashion House of Herrera, lightning-bolt Bad Boy perfume is the perfect match for the stiletto heel Good Girl perfume. Indeed, the beautiful Carolina Herrera Good Girl perfume bottles are exquisitely made of Italian-designed glass, in a tradition that dates back to the glass artisan Guilds of the Middle Ages, when glass was first discovered and manufactured, in the Republic of Venice.

The Carolina Herrera Good Girl stiletto glass bottles are designed and manufactured using several patented glass manufacturing processes, belonging to the famous Italian glassmaker Luigi Bormioli. Whether it is the opal/stone effect of some of the glass stiletto bottles, or the internal coating of the glass, ensuring that the vibrant color of the glass is uniformly applied to every part of the stiletto-shoe-shaped bottle, each Carolina Herrera Good Girl glass stiletto bottle, also subsumes several Bormioli glass-manufacturing inventions.

Among the inventions invoked to produce the Bormioli-manufactured, Carolina Herrera glass stiletto bottle, the following World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and US utility patents:

WO2007006328A1 - Opacifying composition and process for the production of glass with an opal/stone effect or with a snow effect. (Granted January 18, 2007)
- US10118857B2 - Method for internally coating a hollow glass body. (Granted November 6, 2018)
- US10427967B2 - Process for the manufacture of a glass container, glass container and related uses. (Granted October 1, 2019)

The many existing editions of the Carolina Herrera Good Girl (and Very Good Girl) perfume were each designed by renowned perfumers, such as Quentin Bisch, Louise Turner, Shyamala Maisondieu, and Christophe Raynaud. Below, ten editions of the Carolina Herrera Good Girl perfume, each shown contained in its own variation of the Italian-glass stiletto perfume bottle, and accompanying conditioning.

- CH Good Girl (2016) Eau de Parfum
- CH Good Girl Légère (2018) Eau de Parfum
- CH Good Girl Suprême (2020) Eau de Parfum
- CH Very Good Girl (2021) Eau de Parfum
- CH Good Girl Superstars (2021) Eau de Parfum
- CH Good Girl Midnight (2022) Eau de Parfum
- CH Good Girl Gold Fantasy (2022) Eau de Parfum
- CH Very Good Girl Glam (2022) Eau de Parfum
- CG Good Girl Blush (2023) Eau de Parfum
- CH Good Girl Dazzling Garden (2023) Eau de Parfum


Also included, a Youtube video presenting the new Carolina Herrera Very Good Girl Glam fragrance for women. 

Carolina Herrera (website)
Luigi Bormioli
Redding, M. (Jan. 20, 2021). A Lacquering Technique Makes Very Good Girl by Carolina Herrera Shine. Beauty Packaging.
Staff (Feb. 1, 2021). Carolina Herrera’s Good Girl goes red with Bormioli Luigi. Premium Beauty News,17896

Wednesday, September 6, 2023

Oh, patents! Carolina Herrera Bad Boy lightning bolt perfume bottle

Copyright © Françoise Herrmann

The far-out, lightning bolt, Bad Boy perfume bottle is another signature Caroline Herrera perfume bottle, created by Jean-Marc Galvez. A stunning perfume bottle,  containing no less extraordinary eau de parfum or eau de toilette, whose various editions were designed by several renowned perfumers, including Quentin Bisch, Louise Turner, Fanny Bal, Bruno Jovanovic, Nicolas Beaulieu, Domitille Michalon Bertier, and Yann Vastier.

The lightning bolt bottle was awarded the US design patent USD927984, titled Perfume bottle on August 17, 2021. As a reminder, a US design patent covers the ornamental aspects of an invention, or the way an invention looks. This is in contrast with US utility patents, which cover the way an invention works, or is produced

Below, the Figures 1 and 2, extracted from the design patent, together with images of six editions of the Carolina Herrera Bad Boy perfume, in its lightning bolt bottle, next to the packaging: 

- CH Bad Boy (2019) Eau de Toilette

- CH Bad Boy Superstars (2021) Eau de Toilette

- CH Bad Boy (2021) Eau de Parfum

- CH Bad Boy Gold Fantasy (2022) Eau de Toilette

- CH Bad Boy Cobalt (2022) Eau de Parfum

- CH Bad Boy Extreme (2022) Eau de Parfum 

The electrifying YouTube video, officially introducing the Bad Boy Carolina Herrera perfume line, is also included below. 

Caroline Herrera (website)

Tuesday, September 5, 2023

Oh, patents! Lego® Braille

 Copyright © Françoise Herrmann

On September 1, 2023, The Lego® Group launched Lego® Braille sets in English and French, with Spanish, German, and Italian sets available in early 2024 (1). Lego® Braille ushers in a new learning and teaching ecosystem. An ecosystem intended to include all blind or sight-impaired children and their teachers, into the world of Lego® bricks, and through the re-designed Lego® Braille bricks access to the symbolic world of literacy and numeracy.

The development of the Lego® Braille sets brought together a vast network of consultants, special education practitioners, sighted, blind or visually-impaired, in collaboration with The Lego® Foundation, members of the UK, Royal National Institute of the Blind (RNIB), the French National Institute for Blind Youth, and equivalents throughout Europe. Indeed, developing the Lego® Braille sets was also an opportunity to foster vibrant dialogue and collaboration for training and sharing lesson plans. An opportunity to create a teaching and learning community, to ensure the successful implementation and use of the new Lego® Braille sets, for the development of literacy and numeracy, using braille.

Launching of the new Lego® Braille sets thus also comes with the support of the website. A website that offers lesson plans, shared across the globe, with training videos available via YouTube.

As a result, the new 2023 Lego® Braille sets remain faithful to the original ideas of the 1932 Danish founder of Legos®, Ole Kirk Kristiansen. Original ideas of learning through play, which gave Legos® their name, derived from the portemanteau terms “Leg + Godt”, meaning “play well” in Danish. A magical world of play bricks, which has enchanted children for almost a century, now also finally re-designed for blind children to learn through play. Re-designed bricks for learning braille through play, the tactile language for the blind, developed in France by Louis Braille, in 1824. A tactile language that enables the blind or sight-impaired to read and write.   

National Braille Press © 2000

Lego® Braille bricks are 2 x 4 Lego® bricks, according to the specifications of the original Kristiansen toy brick invention. An invention recited in US3005282, titled Toy building brick, granted on October 24, 1961. However, Lego® Braille bricks have one row of studs completely or partially removed to allow for the remaining studs to be positioned, according to the raised dot formation of the braille code. The braille code comprises 63 combinations for letters, numbers and punctuation marks, in English. Lego® Braille bricks also indicate the braille code in print, on each block, for sighted users. (See images above of the Lego® Braille bricks, and the National Braille Press Engish braille alphabet code.)

Lego® Braille bricks are deemed especially advantageous for children six years of age plus, and children with additional disabilities, because the re-designed bricks are large, and easily manipulated braille letters, numbers and punctuation marks. Indeed, the size and pleasurable manipulation of the bricks offer the possibility of easily combining and recognizing whole words (not only letters), and eventually structuring whole sentences, or computing mathematical operations, directly on the provided Lego® boards. Conversely, special education teachers and practitioners can easily prepare quite sturdy materials, which are also removable and permutable, on the boards. Manipulatives with which children can play, create and learn, without the frustrations, difficulty or limitations of fixed, and much smaller, braille-embossed print.

For anyone (big and small), who has enjoyed endlessly building and re-building with Legos®, this creative pleasure, together with a huge learning bonus, are now accessible to the blind or sight-impaired, unlimited.


(1) Lego® Braille sets are offered to qualified special education teachers and institutions.  

Lego® Braille Bricks (website)
Lego® (website)
Musée Louis Braille - National Institute for Blind Youth (Est. 1785).
National Braille Press
Ole Kirk Kristiansen

Wednesday, August 30, 2023

Oh, patents! Carolina Herrera 212 Heroes Eau de parfum bottle (for women)

 Copyright © Françoise Herrmann

The Carolina Herrera fragrance for women, 212 Heroes Forever Young, was launched in 2022 just one year after the original Eau de toilette for men 212 Heroes Forever Young. The pink liquid fragrance, matching the pink chrome of the striking feminine skateboard bottle, was also created by three well-known perfumers: Marie Salamagne, Alberto Morillas and Dora Baghriche.  

Targeting young women, the fragrance is fruity, floral and woodsy, opening with raspberry and mandarin notes, jasmine and orange blossom middle notes, cedar and sandalwood base notes. The 212 Heroes Eau de Parfum for women is also conditioned in a 2.7 fl. oz, slightly smaller, skateboard vaporizer, compared to the masculine version, containing 3 fl. oz. 

The essential ornamental properties of the remarkable skateboard bottle design, used for the 212 Heroes Eau de parfum for women, are also covered in the US design patent, USD923485S1, titled Perfume Bottle.

Below, the US patent coversheet figures, depicting perspective views of the skateboard bottle, together with an image of the marketed fragrance for women. A YouTube video also introduces the Carolina Herrera 2022 Eau de parfum feminine fragrance, 212 Heroes Forever Young. 

Carolina Herrera (website) 

Tuesday, August 29, 2023

Oh, patents! Carolina Herrera 212 Heroes Eau de toilette bottle (for men)

 Copyright © Françoise Herrmann

Carolina Herrera’s skateboard-shaped vaporizing bottle for the Carolina Herrera masculine fragrance 212 Heroes Forever Young is undoubtedly one of the coolest perfume bottles you have ever seen or used. Designed by Jean-Marc Galvez, the bottle was awarded the US design patent USD923485S1, titled Perfume Bottle, on June 29, 2021.  

Launched the same year, the baby-blue liquid fragrance was created by three well-known perfumers: Domitille Michalon Bertier, Juliette Karagueuzoglou and Carlos Benaim, specifically for the young population. The fragrance is fresh, fruity and citrusy (with a pear opening note), even with middles notes of hemp,  and end notes of musk and leather. 

The packaging sends a clear message about the targeted demographics:  "We refuse to conform. We commit to be free. We never give up. We never stop dreaming. We will always be forever young. We will always be heroes." 

Below, the patent cover sheet drawings, showing perspective views of the bottle, and an image of the marketed product. A Youtube video, introducing the  212 Heroes Forever Young Eau de toilette masculine fragrance, is also included.   

Carolina Herrera

Monday, August 28, 2023

Oh, patents! Space garbage

Copyright © Françoise Herrmann

On top of overflowing landfills releasing dangerous amounts of the greenhouse gas methane, and an estimated 150 million tons of plastic polluting oceans, planet Earth also has to contend with space garbage (i.e., garbage in outer space). 

Space garbage comprises more than 6000 satellites no longer in use that have been launched since 1957, and more than half a million pieces of space debris resulting from explosions and collisions, currently moving at more than 20,000 miles per hour in space. Space garbage that potentially results in what is termed the Kessler Syndrome. A syndrome where there are so many satellites or space vehicles orbiting at high (1), medium (2) or low (3) distances from the Earth, that there is no safe orbiting space left for new and functioning satellites. Having outlived their mission, space vehicles and debris pose constant risks of collision or explosion, which effectively prevent the positioning of any other functioning vehicles in their vicinity.  

Even more dangerously, space debris also pose potentially serious threats to human populations and infrastructures. Space garbage poses a threat when returned uncontrolled to the Earth’s atmosphere, where it may not be completely destroyed, causing debris to potentially drop at tremendous speed on the surface of the Earth. Uncontrolled satellites, some of which contain radioactive materials on board, or highly toxic propellants, which could be dispersed in the atmosphere, over densely populated areas. 

Many solutions to space garbage exist. For example, some vehicles have a reserved portion of propellant, enabling the vehicle to be repositioned on what is called a parking or cemetery orbit. A parking orbit is a high orbit of no use to space missions. However, such a solution shortens the lifecycle of a satellite, which has to use its propulsion system for relocating on a parking orbit. 

In general, an estimated 10 to 15% of the total costs of a satellite are dedicated to relocation and compliance with such regulations as those set forth in the United Nations Convention on International Liability for Damage caused by Space Objects. Thus, while various patented solutions already exist for de-orbiting space objects, and/or moving them to a parking orbit, all of such solutions are expensive, requiring another space engine with its own re-ignitable thruster. Whether the solution calls for dissolving space debris, using solar radiation passing through lenses (US5120008); or sweeping away debris, after causing them to impact and attach to panels, (US4991799); or even tethering debris to relocate them (US5082211), existing solutions appear not only expensive, but hazardous.

The patented solution, which was selected as a candidate for a European Inventor Award in 2023, aims to remedy the prior art issues of cost-effectiveness and hazard, invoked in de-orbiting satellites at the end of their working life. The invention also aims to resolve a host of additional issues. Issues such as reliability and control of de-orbiting operations. Or the issue of having to launch separate devices for identifying de-orbiting candidates. Separate devices that require additional parts with complex communication and programming 

Thus, the proposed invention recited in the European patent EP2734448B1, titled Device for moving or removing artificial satellites, offers a device coupled with the satellite to be moved or removed. A device that operates independently from both the satellite and remote control de-orbiting maneuvers. The device is able to effectively dispose of the satellite with which it is coupled. At the end of the satellite’s mission, the device is designed to remove the satellite from its orbit, or to de-orbit the satellite back down towards Earth. As a result, orbiting space previously occupied by the satellite is cleared, and the satellite is further prevented from interfering with other spacecraft operating in the vicinity. The invention device, coupled to the satellite, comprises: on-board means of control, means to receive and emit signals, propulsion means operatively connected to the satellite’s onboard controls, a separate electric power supply, making it independent from the satellite, means to mitigate thrust vector misalignment, and pre-launch mechanical coupling means,

The Figures 1 and 2, extracted from the patent, respectively show:  a schematic representation of the types of orbits used for satellites, including arrows depicting the deorbiting method used according to the invention device, and a cross-sectional view of a first embodiment of the invention device. 

In particular, the Figure 1 depicts the invention device associated with two different types of satellites 20' and 20",  orbiting around a celestial body, such as the Earth 1.  The satellite 20'  is shown operating on a Low Earth Orbit (LEO) 2. As the arrow indicates, the satellite 20' has to be de-orbited towards the Earth’s surface within a specific special-temporal de-orbiting window. The satellite 20" is operating on a high orbit 3 (between a Medium Earth Orbit and a GeoStationary Earth Orbit). The satellite 20" would be a telecommunications or scientific satellite. As the arrow indicates, the satellite 20" would need to be de-orbited towards a higher parking orbit 4, to avoid interfering with other satellites and missions, when it has reached the end of its lifecycle.  

The Figure 2 depicts a first embodiment of the invention device 10. The device 10 comprises a cylindrical metal housing 110. The housing is made of three parts: a convex or semi-spherical head portion 112, a cylindrical center portion 114, and a flat or convex terminal portion 116. The portions may be produced separately, and then joined by various ways known to the art. The device 10 also comprises propulsion means in the form of one or more solid propellant engines 212, at least one combustion chamber 214, and at least one igniter 216, for the solid propellant 212. The propulsion means also comprise at least one exhaust nozzle 218 for discharging combustion gases. The propulsion means are enclosed in a cylindrical container, also containing the charge of propellant 212. In the Figure 2 embodiment of the invention device 10, the container coincides with the housing 110 of the invention device itself. 

Below, the abstract of the invention referencing the embodiments of the device (10, 20, 40 and 50) and of the means for mechanically coupling the device to a satellite (310, 320, 330, 340', 340", 350, 360), respectively depicted in Figures 2, 3, 13 and 15.  

The present invention relates to a device (10, 20, 40, 50) for coupling with a space satellite (20', 20") before the latter is launched for the purpose of re-orbiting said satellite and/or returning it to Earth. The device comprises. means for controlling the device (10, 20, 40, 50); propulsion means operatively connected with the control means; means for receiving control signals operatively connected with the control means; means for electrically powering the device (10, 20, 40, 50); means (310, 320, 330, 340', 340", 350, 360) for mechanically coupling the device (10, 20, 40, 50) with said satellite (20', 20") before the latter is launched. The propulsion means are enabled by the control means on receipt of control signals for de- orbiting the satellite (20', 20") and transferring it to a given orbit. [Abstract of the invention taken for the same family patent WO2013011073A1]


(1) High Geostationary Earth Orbits (GEO), also called equatorial orbits,  are at a distance of about 22000 miles from the Earth’s equator. Objects traveling on GSOs, orbit around the Earth at the same speed as the Earth’s sidereal rotation, which means that from Earth, geostationary objects appear as though they are not moving.  

(2) Medium Earth Orbits  (MEO) are at a distance of about 6200 miles from the Earth’s surface. For example, GPS satellites orbit at a distance of about 11000 miles from the Earth’s surface. 

(3) The distance of Low Earth Orbits (LEO) is between 125 and 1250 miles from the Earth’s surface. Most satellites operate on low orbit, including the International Space Station. (ISS). It takes about 90 minutes for a low-orbiting object to complete an orbit.

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) - FAQs about landfill gas. 
European Inventor Awards - The finalists.
EP2734448B1 - Device for moving or removing artificial. satellites.
European Space agency - Clean Space.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) - Micrometeoroids and orbital debris (MMOD).
United Nations Environment - Our planet is choking in plastic. 
United Nations Office of Outer Space Affairs - Convention on International Liability for Damage caused by Space Objects.
US4991799 - Orbital debris sweeper and method.
US5082211 - Method and apparatus for mitigating space debris.
US5120008 - Orbital debris processor and method therefor.
WO2013011073A1 - Device for moving or removing artificial satellites.